But the popular movement of less-is-more, which dates back to the 1960s, has since seeped into various facets of our lives. FAIA, are well-known minimalist … Early minimalism in art rejected tradition of craftsmanship and rather opted for raw materials. Calling himself a “matterist”, he claimed that his sculptures explore the properties of matter. In visual arts, music, and other media, minimalism is an art movement that began in post–World War II Western art, most strongly with American visual arts in the 1960s and early 1970s. Throughout her five-decades long career, she worked within an extremely limited set of variables. The Minimalist philosophy, as we could see, glorifies a style in which it all comes down to its simplest, most necessary elements. His work was pivotal in the creation of the new radical aesthetics of the 1960s. The goal was to reduce the subject to essentials that were all functional, thus creating void spaces and a sense of freedom, in a way. Minimalism did exist as a movement, although many artists used its principles without actively participating in its creation, and by the late 1960s, it all began showing signs of breaking apart in different directions. Written by Angie Kordic and Elena Martinique. The primary structures of the Minimalist sculptors Donald Judd, Carl Andre, Dan Flavin, Tony Smith, Anthony Caro, Sol LeWitt, John McCracken, Craig Kaufman, Robert Duran, and Robert Morris and the hard-edge painting of Jack Youngerman, Ellsworth Kelly, Frank Stella, Kenneth Noland, Al Held, and Gene Davis grew out of these artists’ dissatisfaction with Action painting, a branch of American Abstract Expressionism based on intuitive, spontaneous gesture that had dominated American avant-garde art through much of the 1950s. Apart from visual arts, architecture and design, its influence can be found in literature and music, in plays and novels of Samuel Beckett and the compositions of John Cage and Philip Glass. Yet, his practice exceeded Minimalist ethos, being at the forefront of some other movements such as Process Art and Land Art. These materials would be stacked on top of each other without fixatives to hold them in place. Like Young, Morton Feldman tried to eliminate variation. Their frequent grid-based compositions asked for the artist’s originality and the creation of a special relationship between the viewer and the artwork and in many cases this relationship aimed for physical direct contact in order to work. Another group of composers—Philip Glass, Steve Reich, Cornelius Cardew, and Frederic Rzewski—was influenced by the music of India, Bali, and West Africa. Editor James Meyer is a specialist who has written extensively on many significant artists belonging to Minimalist art. Hard-edge painting is characterized by large, simplified, usually geometric forms on an overall flat surface; precise, razor-sharp contours; and broad areas of bright, unmodulated colour that have been stained into unprimed canvas. Her pieces capture the innocence and simplicity of everyday life. Although radical, and rejecting many of the concerns of the immediately preceding abstract expressionist movement, earlier abstract movements were an important influence on the ideas and techniques of minimalism. Focused on the artwork's interaction with the viewer, he believed that the simplicity of the shape doesn’t imply the simplicity of the experience. Designer Michael Mott echoed the reductive approach of Minimalist art with a 1960s black-and-white mini-dress created for the boutique Paraphernalia. Between 1958 and 1960, Frank Stella created his seminal series of Black Paintings, for which he abandoned brushwork, depth and the regular canvas form altogether to make concentrically striped canvases stretched on a thicker wooden chassis that thrust them out from the wall aggressively. A synonym for Minimalist art, the work of Donald Judd was built upon the idea of the object as it exists in the environment. He traces in comprehensive detail the emergence of six figures associated with the development—Carl Andre, Dan Flavin, Donald Judd, Sol LeWitt, Robert Morris, and Anne Truitt—and how the notion of minimalism … Describing Minimalist sculptures as dependent on the context of their perception, he believed that artwork cannot be self-sufficient in and of itself. A style that evolved as a reaction to Minimalism during the late 1960s and early 1970s. His sculptures were based on the concept of a continuous three-dimensional space lattice and a standard tetrahedral module. Covered with black paint, its unreadable surface undermined traditional understandings of art as something emotionally and aesthetically appealing. Despite the intellectual thorniness of this art, Meyer avoids the turgidity that marks much of the writing associated with it. Minimalism began in post–World War II Western art, most strongly with American visual arts in the 1960s and early 1970s. Postminimalism also sought to move art out of the gallery and into the natural and built environment, thereby freeing the artwork from its status as a commodity and expanding the domain of what is conventionally considered appropriate material for a work of art. Art movement Postminimalism is an art term coined (as post-minimalism) by Robert Pincus-Witten in 1971 used in various artistic fields for work which is influenced by, or attempts to develop and go beyond, the aesthetic of minimalism. Minimal Art was finally on the Contemporary art map and its simple aesthetics was shining bright. It was all sealed with the 1966 Primary Structures group exhibition held at the Jewish Museum in New York and Sol LeWitt’s Paragraphs on Conceptual Art written in 1967. He combined various industrialized materials such as iron, steel, plastic, and Plexiglas. art movement, architectural style: Authority control Q173436 GND ID: 4228187-8 BNCF Thesaurus ID: 44170. The US minimalist movement represents an increasingly popular critical reflection on the ills of consumerism and an effort to forge new ways of living amidst consumer capitalism. Use of the hard edge, the simple form, and the linear rather than painterly approach was intended to emphasize two-dimensionality and to allow the viewer an immediate, purely visual response. The earliest artifacts come from the Paleolithic era, or the Old Stone Age, in the form of rock carvings, engravings, pictorial imagery, sculptures, and stone arrangements. Decluttering our lives and living and breathing stress-free simplicity. Corrections? We aim at providing better value for money than most. Favoring new materials such as steel and glass over concrete, he designed buildings that were functional, modern and visually pleasing. A major figure in American art for more than 40 years, Anne Truitt is best known for her large, vertical wooden sculptures that were covered in many coats of paint, but she also created paintings, drawings, and writings. For that reason they attempted to rid their works of any extra-visual association. Reacting against the complex, intellectually sophisticated style of modern music, several composers began to compose in a simple, literal style, thereby creating an extremely simple and accessible music. His visual vocabulary is drawn from the everyday life, using shapes and colors found in plants, architecture, shadows on a wall or a lake. Just like Action Painting relied on gesture to convey a feeling, Minimalist art used the medium and material of its works to highlight the simplicity through sleek, geometric works that offered a radically different, literal and objective aesthetic appeal. This way, Stella gave life to an object swaying between painting, sculpture and even architectural ornament. Minimalism was everything but conventional, and artists like Sol LeWitt, Dan Flavin, Robert Morris, Donald Judd, Carl Andre, Anthony Caro and Tony Smith all experimented with different aspects of physicality and space. In 1962 the first English-language book about the Russian avant-garde, Camilla Gray’s The Great Experiment in Art: 1863-1922, was published. Its influences are also incorporated in Land art, through the work of Michael Heizer, Richard Long and Walter de Maria, the famous examples of Feminist art… Today, we still have many contemporary artists associated with Minimalism and the durability of its ideology can perhaps be attributed to the fact that achieving such aesthetics is difficult, yet quite rewarding, both for the audience and the artist. The innovations in the field came through materials as well, where steel, concrete, and glass provided new challenges to overcome. Interested in the theory of construction and philosophy, he wanted to complete a theory of aesthetics that would unite the modern needs of a modern man. Dismantling the devices of three-dimensional illusionism and emphasizing the flatness of the canvas, this series served as a catalyst for the emergence of Minimalism. Some cite Ludwig Mies van der Rohe as being the first leader of minimalist design, and his basic, yet striking structures are constructed simply to maximize space and a feeling of openness. It differs from other types of geometric abstraction in that it rejects both lyrical and mathematical composition because, even in this simplified field, they are a means of personal expression for the artist. To rebel is what art does best and as such, post-minimalism needs to be understood as a reaction against the Minimalism of the late 1960s and early 1970s. He later referred to his pieces as “sculptures as place”, alluding to the fact that his pieces are produced by placing objects on the floor. As one of the first artists who created irregularly shaped canvases, Ellsworth Kelly has been a widely influential force in the post-war art world. For certain young American sculptors, however, work such as Caro’s seemed to embody limiting “European” aesthetic precepts. Characterized by pure form and color and imbued with spatial unity, his works influenced greatly the development of abstract art in America. We provide art lovers and art collectors with one of the best places on the planet to discover modern and contemporary art. They turned for inspiration to the impassive, quiet works of Barnett Newman and Ad Reinhardt, exponents of the colour-field branch of Abstract Expressionist painting. In many of his works, we can find many elements serving a variety of purposes - for instance, we would design a floor that would also be a radiator. The concept behind the movement was propounded by the critic, Clement Greenberg, who had a powerful influence over many of the artists and designers of his era. Und das kann glücklich … As a design movement, minimalism is still relatively new, having only come into its own in the late 1960s and early 1970s, particularly with American visual art. Furthermore, when Abstract Expressionists like Donald Judd, Dan Flavin and Robert Morris, inspired by the works of Romanian sculptor Constantin Brâncuși, the Dutch De Stijl group, the Russian Constructivists and the German Bauhaus, intentionally abandoned the principles of the beloved and dominant American movement, it was clear that the new and exciting era in the arts was about to take over. The California-based movement focused on creating works related to light, volume, and scale through installations. Another one of the art movements from the 1960s, and typified by works composed of simple art, such as geometric shapes devoid of representational content. Part of Phaidon's Themes and Movements series, the book offers the first straightforward and useful summary of the output and outlook of the artists associated with the movement in its heyday, as well as its subsequent development into more nuanced visual forms and its relationship to postmodernism. Denn wer wenig besitzt, muss sich auch um weniger kümmern, hat dafür aber mehr Platz, Zeit und Geld. These traditional materials were meant to demonstrate their own vulnerability to decay, destruction, or obsolescence. The Minimalism art movement is one of the most influential of the 1960s, emerging in New York City among a number of young artists who were moving away from Abstract Expressionism and favoured a sleek, geometric aesthetic instead, which would manifest itself in minimalist art. The items are honest, in terms of being exactly what they look like delivering nothing more than they promise, are environmental-friendly, thorough and quite long-lasting, counting their every detail. In both music and the visual arts, Minimalism was an attempt to explore the essential elements of an art form. Minimalism has long been associated with art. Minimalism began as an art movement in 1960s New York, focusing on extreme aesthetic austerity. Created without the base, his pieces stood directly on the floor and used real materials in real space. As a result, Minimalism and its objects blurred the line between two and three dimensions, painting and sculpture. One other thing to consider is the fact that Japan is regularly beset by earthquakes, which makes it logical not to have valuable, hanging objects around the house. Another example of Minimalism in design would be the Swedish furniture company Ikea, which promotes a sort of purity through the fact anyone can assemble their pieces with ease. While working as an architect, he designed more than 20 private residencies. The term suggests that we are now using what we learned in the “modern” period, but mixing it with ideas from the more distant past. © 2013-2021 Widewalls | Guided by the search for an essence and substance of things, Minimalism attracted a wide range of practitioners such as painters, sculptors, designers, and architects. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Minimal design and architecture, like visual art, roots in the works of De Stijl, its rectangular forms and primary colors, as well as the designs by the pioneer of modern architecture, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, a German architect who laid the ground work for “large-scale” Minimalism after the Second World War. It had a great influence on Minimalism in the West, particularly in America in the 18th and 19th century and it is interesting to see how their ideas merged with Western cultures and design needs - take Frank Lloyd Wright, who adopted the Japanese sliding door that allows bringing the exterior to the interior. Minimalism. Her most important works were created in the early 1960s anticipating in many respects the work of minimalists like Donald Judd. As paintings were no longer paintings in a traditional sense, a few key abstract painters such as Frank Stella, Ellsworth Kelly, Agnes Martin and Robert Ryman introduced the simple, Minimalist canvas that had some well-defined characteristics. Minimalism, chiefly American movement in the visual arts and music originating in New York City in the late 1960s and characterized by extreme simplicity of form and a literal, objective approach. The viewer was to examine the relationship between different parts of an artwork within a repetitive circle of geometric bodies, such as cubes, placed on the gallery floor rather than on a pedestal, like we’re used to. All images used for illustrative purposes only.
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