The main shaft turns a gearbox which ratchets up the speed for a generator to produce electricity. You cannot always predict it. Bill Nye, I don't think has dimmable compact fluorescents. NARRATOR: Over the years, no one has sold more of these cars than Cal Worthington. But California has something no other state does; its governor, Arnold Schwarzenegger, once a Terminator, is now an eco-warrior. NOVA Energy Solutions provides specialized services to a wide customer base including government agencies, commercial and industrial customers, large and small engineering and construction companies and Electrical Contractors throughout Arizona. They're on some of the time, off other times, and it's not consistent. National corporate funding for NOVA is provided by Draper. NARRATOR: But to hit the governor's 2020 targets for emissions reductions, most people will not have to go to these extremes. Thank you for helping us improve PBS Video. NARRATOR: The liquid ink is deposited in micron-thin layers onto metal foil then heated to convert it into a semiconductor. And 33 percent, one third, will come from cutting car emissions. There are 12 million low-income people in the state of California. Personally, I would absolutely, today, change my windows and do anything necessary to make it better here. The battery also charges when the driver hits the brake. NARRATOR: For over a hundred years, greenhouse gas emissions have risen unrelentingly. NARRATOR: Like a hybrid, the plug-in has a full-size gas tank. NARRATOR: ...climate experts predict the future may hold even more of these extreme weather events because of an increase in greenhouse gasses, especially CO 2 , emitted when we burn fossil fuels like coal for electricity and gasoline for cars. There's currently research being done to make the internal combustion engine more efficient and to create lighter and cheaper batteries that can store more energy. VIJAY VAITHEESWARAN: The concern about rising prices is a legitimate one, but, to me, that's no crisis. There is ways of going where we can revisit it. It means he should hit his 15 percent efficiency target by 2020, though at a price. It's operated from central control rooms, like this one in Rosemead, California. What's really remarkable is that these types of places we thought of as high deserts, but in fact they're a remarkable place and an opportunity to start a clean energy revolution. Also, hear more from the governor, a scientist and a skeptic. But unlike efficiency improvements, solar panels are out of reach for most homeowners. NARRATOR: Ed Begley is the ideal of the modern Californian: energy conscious, environmentally aware and, like the governor, a movie star. NARRATOR: But technology alone isn't enough. You need to get out now! It won't be easy. Whether it’s electricity, gas, broadband, or home phone, our New Zealand-based customer service team will make it nice and easy. California has got the biggest chunk of its greenhouse gas emissions from vehicles of any state. In fact, the Todd Corporation has been one of New Zealand’s leading energy explorers and producers for around 60 years. These super-sized wind turbines were built in Iowa, by Clipper Windpower, a California-based company. Well, in some cases, that's somebody's employment. California has, over the last several decades, shown a real leadership position in energy efficiency. The governor's profound hope is that he is pioneering a plan that the rest of the country, in fact, the whole world, can follow. Schwarzenegger has placed himself and California right in the middle of a debate that is raging across the globe. MARLO LEWIS: Energy prices will go up. You see that it's very thin, it's flexible and you're creating electricity. So just how big a gamble is it taking? Historically, it's regulation, like the new auto emissions standards California is proposing, that will achieve real reductions. I do not believe that doom and gloom and disaster are the only outcomes. Nova Energy - Nhà thầu EPC quốc tế với năng lực thiết kế, sản xuất, kinh nghiệm vận hành bởi đội ngũ chuyên gia Santerno SpA hướng đến các dự án năng lượn Many people who could not consume other caffeinated products, including coffee and sodas, showed this product to their doctors. What's great about that is most Americans only drive 25 miles a day. Its engine not only powers the car, it charges a battery. We can remove the first video in the list to add this one. VAN JONES: We have flat roofs like this from sea to shining sea. But that is not the only problem. As a … That has put the focus onto one particular kind of car, the hybrid. VIJAY VAITHEESWARAN: I think the endgame for energy is the convergence of automobiles and electricity: these two magnificent but dinosauric industries that have been apart since the days of Henry Ford and Thomas Edison. So even if you wanted to build nuclear, you're going to have to change the law. ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER: I knew that we should not just look at it as this little place and at only the things that we can contribute, but what power we have to push the country, the United States and the whole world forward. CHUCK DEVORE: The biggest challenge with AB 32 is that it's physically impossible, unless you lift the state's obsolete 32-year ban on the construction of modern, safe and efficient nuclear power plants. California will fail if it leaves out the majority of the state. ED BEGLEY: When I first tried solar electric photovoltaics in 1990, I put about a thousand watts on my roof and it worked very well, so I decided to try some more. A payback in 10 years, in 12 years, that's too long for a small business like ours. NARRATOR: The most cutting-edge work here involves converting hybrids to plug-ins. Without bringing them along, Jones warns that the whole plan will run into trouble. The dark area is the ink, or the semiconductor material, and on the back, here, the metal foil that we started with. People like many in the community of Richmond, California. National corporate funding for NOVA is provided by Draper. NOVA interviewed President Obama's Energy Secretary, Steven Chu, while he was director of the lab. Why don't we say, "We can go find the solutions, and, not only that, we can export it to the rest of the world?". A hybrid just makes any engine more efficient. And there is no doubt that when it comes to wind and sun, California is blessed. Now it's more critical than ever to distinguish fact from fiction. Most communities like Richmond are not even involved. Nova Energy | Waterproofing Materials. Because it recaptures energy that regular cars throw away, a hybrid gets more miles per gallon. To many, it is a religion. It's creating new jobs by building the furnace on site. The governor promises it can. We have people who drive from one end of the mall to the other end. NARRATOR: The man they call "the governator," California's Arnold Schwarzenegger, is waging war. Investing in more efficient equipment is simply beyond them. There's some short-term costs, but the long-term payoff is going to be tremendous for California and for all Californians. La energía solar fotovoltaica consiste en la transformación de energía lumínica proveniente del sol en energía eléctrica. As a result, these panels aren't as cheap as they could be. They are the same targets President Obama has proposed. Nova Energy is the first company to set up a design center, production and maintenance center in Vietnam. 2 likes. California is already moving forward and investing heavily in that direction. Some 70 percent of the efficiency target will be achieved in commercial properties. This hybrid, the Prius, averages 50 and emits 35 percent less CO 2 than a similar-sized car. And, of course, the obvious reason is people do have to get around, and that's the only way you can get around. This is our Saudi Arabia, right here. For something we use every day, energy is a pretty mysterious concept. NARRATOR: His example has inspired his slightly competitive neighbor to embark on a similar path. NARRATOR: It's a whole new way of keeping up with the Joneses. NARRATOR: Arnold Schwarzenegger's gamble is that there will be fewer Jim-and-Myras and more success stories. MYRA MALKIEWICZ: It's not easy to remain a businessperson in California. That would bring emissions back to levels not seen since the early 20th century. Still, the governor has high hopes for renewables. As soon as both sides of the aisle, the Republicans and the Democrats, say it's going to happen, it's then assigned to the engineers. And margins are shrinking: the cost of fuel is going up, the cost of foam is going up. Sealing leaks in ducts and windows, adding insulation and changing light bulbs would be enough. I can pedal, or I can just use the throttle here. The problem? Nanosolar is one of the new "thin film" solar companies. For individual Nova Energy reviews, scroll below. Well, it's on order. The California Energy Commission says the total cost to a typical household could be as little as $1,500. ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER (Speaking to the United Nations) : Do not lose hope. I guarantee you, you know, those windows are leaking a lot of energy. They feel like it's just an eco-elite agenda for, maybe, the Hollywood crowd. Putting food on the table and having a roof over your head, those are more immediate concerns. It's just in our heritage, wanting a big car. NARRATOR: Wind turbines work by rotating a shaft just behind large blades. That's the genius of the green economy: it creates more opportunities than the pollution-based economy, not less, more economic opportunity. We need science to find carbon-free sources of energy. ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER (Governor of California/Film Clip of Press Conference) : So we are moving in every direction in order to bring down our greenhouse gas emissions. Poverty and jobs are a big issue. And that's what we are suffering under right now. What's going on now is a huge rebirth in the industry. So, here, the governor is acting at his boldest. RODNEY LEE: Starting rate for, maybe, a junior installer? NARRATOR: Every house, even Begley and Nye's, has to use some energy. Also, hear more from the governor, a scientist and a skeptic. Introducing NOVA Now, a new podcast digging into the science behind the headlines. It's a real issue. The most visible renewable energy source is also the most expensive. But when electricity comes from burning fossil fuels like coal, carbon dioxide is the inevitable byproduct. Innovations like these, ultimately, will reduce CO 2 emissions and costs. NARRATOR: Carolyn Coquillette is owner and lead technician at Luscious. Sixteen percent of California's electricity now comes from coal. And private car ownership is continuing to rise. Ed's got six. 70 likes. Let's use high-speed rail. NARRATOR: The state's public utilities commission estimates the shift to renewables over the next 12 years could mean as much as $60 billion in additional costs. It all runs on electrons. JIM MALKIEWICZ: Let's add these costs up: let's say we're spending $4,000 a month on energy; that's $50,000 a year. We can remove the first show in the list to add this one. VIJAY VAITHEESWARAN: The plug-in part is the genius behind it. NARRATOR: But whatever the solution, whatever the mix of nuclear, natural gas and renewables California winds up with, one thing is virtually certain, electricity will cost more than it does now. Federal tax credits do exist, but the extra cost discourages many people. MARLO LEWIS, JR. (Competitive Enterprise Institute) : If there were a mandate to cut energy radically, in one particular state, that state would see its economy implode. ARCHIVAL FOOTAGE: The state has to build and maintain 14,000 miles of highway for over 2,000,000 California cars alone. NARRATOR: And left unchecked, no one knows for sure what the ultimate cost of climate change may be. STEVEN CHU: With renewables, we don't know how to store the energy. DANIEL KAMMEN: The technologies have evolved dramatically. The governor's plan is to raise that to 20 percent in just two years. He promises no one will suffer, but some think he is leading the state towards disaster. Instead, it may be just one of an infinite number of worlds that make up the multiverse. ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER: I want people to look at nuclear power. NARRATOR: On NOVA's Energy Web site, follow one of our staff members as she tries to reduce her own energy use. CAROLYN COQUILLETTE: Basically, if you can do most of your trips within those short distances and you can recharge between trips, you might not have to use any gasoline at all; I mean indefinitely. NARRATOR: The recent dramatic spikes in gas have not soured the appetite for the S.U.V. NARRATOR: Van Jones is an environmental activist. Find it on PBS.org. There are over 3,000 wind turbines here, and plans for solar thermal plants are underway. Far from saving the state, the governor will destroy it. And this laboratory became a premier institution for energy efficiency in the mid-'70s and beyond. Another 15 percent will come from changes to how power is generated. Chuck DeVore is a California State assemblyman. Nova Energy, Inc | 22 followers on LinkedIn. The glass adds expense but protects the film from the elements. It's gone across the board. Even the governor loves them big. JACOB WOODRUFF (Nanosolar, Inc.) : Here at Nanosolar, we start with a nanoparticle ink. MARTIN ROSCHEISEN: This tool produces rolls that are one mile long, and we produce many rolls of those per day. Janice Flood Legal Counsel Susan Rosen Production Assistant Ryan Murdock Post Production Assistant Darcy Forlenza Associate Producer, Post Production Patrick Carey Post Production Supervisor Regina O'Toole Post Production Editors Rebecca Nieto Jason York Post Production Manager Nathan Gunner Compliance Manager Linzy Emery Development Producer Pamela Rosenstein Supervising Producer Stephen Sweigart Business Manager Joseph P. Tracy Senior Producer and Project Director Lisa Mirowitz Coordinating Producer Laurie Cahalane Senior Science Editor Evan Hadingham Senior Series Producer Melanie Wallace Managing Director Alan Ritsko Senior Executive Producer Paula S. Apsell, A NOVA Production by Production Group, Inc. for WGBH Boston, The Big Energy Gamble homepage Image: (Arnold Schwarzenegger on rooftop) © Andrew Gombert/epa/Corbis. CAL WORTHINGTON: We find that the used S.U.V.s are selling better than used cars right now. As far as I look at it, I think this is the new dot-com, green jobs. VAN JONES: You know, you got businesses like this one. Yes, absolutely possible, probable. Renewable power generation is the final challenge. As Governor of California, Arnold Schwarzenegger launches a dramatic and controversial program to slash carbon dioxide emissions and promote energy efficiency. It's like printing a newspaper, a very long newspaper. Can you survive the bigger costs in gas, fuel, electricity? NARRATOR: Traditional solar panels are made from semi-conducting silicon cells. If the state were to build more of these plants, it would be stuck with these emissions for decades, as well as compromise the further development of renewables. Hear from Governor Schwarzenegger, skeptics and supporters of the plan, and ordinary citizens and businesspeople whose lives are impacted. Our service is Kiwi as. The Tehachapi Pass is 80 miles from L.A. Long transmission lines are needed to link it to the city, and a lot of people are opposed to them. NARRATOR: Chuck DeVore is working in the California legislature to overturn this ban. You might know Nova Energy as the New Zealand-owned company that provides great value energy to Kiwi families and businesses. Nova keep things straightforward and easy to understand, and their team is based right here in New Zealand. And you can see, this is a finished product. Ed Begley has an all-electric car that plugs in. And if the sun's not shining? Still, everyone agrees that none of these compare to the challenges the state will face when it comes to the most ambitious of Schwarzenegger's plans, because, here, the governor is taking on the car. Directed by Rushmore DeNooyer. SOLAR RICHMOND TRAINEE: What does that start out with, your hourly wages? Frankly, almost all the cars of the future, whatever fuel they use, are going to use hybrid technology because it's just more efficient. Coal can be burnt to release energy when you need it, but what do you do if the sun doesn't shine and the wind doesn't blow? NARRATOR: Fears of radioactivity go deep in California. Its investors are betting on one thing... MARTIN ROSCHEISEN (Nanosolar, Inc.) : ...the sheer size of the market. Nova Energy, Perth, Western Australia. NARRATOR: And while no one can say for sure global warming is the cause... WOMAN: Just a lot of mud came down the street... a wall of mud. I mean, the most respected scientists have made that clear, by the...thousands of scientists have made that clear. After seven and a half years, we're getting what's essentially free electricity, from these panels. I have a lab full of scientists that believe in these goals and they want to deliver. DANIEL KAMMEN: Renewables aren't the easy we're-just-going-to-do-it solution. Find the latest Sunnova Energy International In (NOVA) stock quote, history, news and other vital information to help you with your stock trading and investing. We need, we need to see it right away. NARRATOR: But will they be interested if new technologies can bring the cost down? NARRATOR: The Big Energy Gamble , up next on NOVA. We’re a New Zealand owned and operated company, providing great value energy for Kiwi families and businesses. I don't have one; you know why? Read more >> Latest news. 27 likes. NARRATOR: As a new administration in Washington maps out a national energy policy, all eyes are set squarely on California. That's not what they are to most people. It's a delicate and complex industrial process. NARRATOR: Although they may not pay as much as the old manufacturing jobs, these jobs won't be outsourced. Maybe $15 up to $18. The remainder will come from measures like CO 2 caps on big industry, and planting new forests to absorb carbon dioxide. MAN: There was flames 100-foot high, blowing across the road both directions. NARRATOR: But the governor knows this can't be the entire answer to the car problem. ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER: I don't think that the rest of the country has time to wait and to see if we are successful. The Big Energy Gamble Written and Produced by Larry Klein Consulting Producer Matthew Barrett Produced by Cass Sapir Edited by David Fairhead Nathan Hendrie Doug Quade Narrated by Jay O. Sanders Camera Bob Elfstrom Gordon Brown Michael Chin Joseph Friedman Tom Kaufman Peter Krajewski Sound Recordists Ray Day Jeff Adelman Doug Dunderdale Charlie Macarone Gabriel Monts Charles Rohr Paul Rusnak Gaffers Andrew Eckmann John South Jib Operator Joe Victoria Production Assistants Marshall Potter Brandon DePaolo Rich Enriquez Daniel Gorrell Austin Smoak Aerial Camera Operator Carston Bell Music John Dutton Tom Martin Michael Bacon Animation Sputnik Animation James LaPlante Online Editor and Colorist Michael H. Amundson Audio Mix Jim Sullivan Archival Material Angel City Air BBC Motion Gallery Clipper Windpower, Inc. Corbis FootageBank HD Getty Images ITN Archive REpower Systems AG, Germany UN Visual Library, Department of Public Information Special Thanks Doug Arent Marilyn Brown Ralph Cavanagh Ed Duggan Niki Fenwick Brett Guge Michael Honig Ed Kjaer Paul Klein Henry Lee Richard Newell Orchard Hotel, San Francisco Dan Reicher Gene Rodrigues David Roland-Holst Joseph Romm Arthur H. Rosenfeld Todd Schatzki Stephen Selkowitz Abbe Serphos Harley Shaiken David Thurm Bill Weihl Monet Zulpo-Dane NOVA Series Graphics yU + co. NOVA Theme Music Walter Werzowa John Luker Musikvergnuegen, Inc. Additional NOVA Theme Music Ray Loring Rob Morsberger Closed Captioning The Caption Center Publicity Carole McFall Eileen Campion Victoria Louie Karinna Sjo-Gaber Karen Laverty Marketing Steve Sears Researcher Kate Becker Senior Researcher Gaia Remerowski Production Coordinator Linda Callahan Paralegal Sarah Erlandson Talent Relations Scott Kardel, Esq. 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